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I-O Career Paths in Academia

 

The career paths in academia were found to have three levels (see figure above) that include Individual Contributor (Assistant and Associate Professor), Expert Individual Contributor (Full Professor), and Managerial (e.g. Department Chair, Dean, Vice President Provost, President).

The progression from Individual Contributor to Expert Individual Contributor is often the progression that Academics first follow. However, from there, Academics may move up to a managerial position and continue to stay in a managerial position until retirement or leaving the school. Or, they may move into a managerial position for a few years before returning to a professor position. Others may bounce back and forth between the two or even hold two positions (e.g., Full Professor and Department Chair) at the same time. Still others may remain as a Full Professor and never pursue a managerial position.

 

The top competencies and critical experiences needed to succeed as an Individual Contributor in the Academia career path are presented below.


Top Competencies   Top Experiences
     
  1. Communication: Written 
  2. Research Ability 
  3. Communication: Verbal 
  4. Integrity 
  5. Ethical Behavior 
  6. Teaching Ability 
  7. Disciplinary Competence 
  8. Creative Thinking 
  9. Fairness 
  10. Attention to Detail

Click here to view the full competency list.

 
  1. Publish articles in field of expertise 
  2. Design and conduct studies 
  3. Balance research, teaching, and service effectively 
  4. Effectively manage class discussions, creating assignments, tests, quizzes, or papers, and grading course work 
  5. Deliver engaging lectures 
  6. Mentor students 
  7. Use different types of analytical methods (e.g., Structural Equation Modeling, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Multiple Regression, ANOVAs) 
  8. Use different types of analytical software (e.g., SPSS, Mplus, SAS)

Click here to view the full list of experiences.

 

The top competencies and critical experiences needed to succeed as an Expert Individual Contributor in the Academia career path are presented below.


Top Competencies   Top Experiences
     
  1. Communication: Written 
  2. Communication: Verbal 
  3. Research Ability 
  4. Ethical Behavior 
  5. Integrity 
  6. Trustworthiness 
  7. Creative Thinking 
  8. Teaching Ability 
  9. Disciplinary Competence 
  10. Energy

Click here to view the full competency list.

 
  1. Design and conduct studies 
  2. Publish articles in field of expertise 
  3. Mentor students 
  4. Balance research, teaching, and service effectively 
  5. Effectively manage class discussions, creating assignments, tests, quizzes, or papers, and grading course work 
  6. Deliver engaging lectures 
  7. Provide career advice and other professional guidance to students 
  8. Provide research experiences to students 
  9. Manage the successful completion of thesis and/or dissertations of student advisees 
  10. Become recognized in field of expertise

Click here to view the full list of experiences.

 

The top competencies and critical experiences needed to succeed as a Manager/ Manager of Managers/ Executive in the Academia career path are presented below.


Top Competencies   Top Experiences
     
  1. Integrity 
  2. Fairness 
  3. Ethical Behavior 
  4. Communication: Verbal 
  5. Trustworthiness 
  6. Leadership 
  7. Communication: Written 
  8. Collaboration 
  9. Attention to Detail 
  10. Administrative Skills

Click here to view the full competency list.

 
  1. Demonstrate effective administration for successful department operation 
  2. Provide service to the Department 
  3. Maintain successful running of department (e.g., classes offered; department respected across campus) 
  4. Provide service to the College 
  5. Advocate for department within the broader College and/or University 
  6. Make decisions based on competing interests 
  7. Act as a successful liaison between faculty and administration 
  8. Manage performance of department faculty 
  9. Manage performance of employees 
  10. Provide service to the University

Click here to view the full list of experiences.

 

Top Competencies and Experiences for Academia

Across all levels of the Academia career paths the following competencies and experiences were identified as most important.

Top Competencies   Top Experiences
     
  1. Communication: Written
  2. Communication: Verbal
  3. Research Ability
  4. Integrity
  5. Ethical Behavior
 
  1. Design and conduct studies
  2. Publish articles in field of expertise
  3. Balance research, teaching, and service effectively
  4. Effectively manage class discussions, creating assignments, tests, quizzes, or papers, and grading course work
  5. Mentor students

Job titles among I-O psychologists in Academia may vary, but not as much as some of the other career fields. The table below identifies some of the more common titles. This list contains general types of job titles that may appear within each of the different career levels. They are meant to further clarify the different responsibilities between career levels and may not present actual job titles in your organization.

Individual Contributor

 

Assistant Professor
Associate Professor

Expert Individual Contributor

 

Full Professor

Manager

 

Department Chair

Manager of Managers

 

Dean

Executive

 

Vice President
Provost
President