Slide 3 of 17
Much of the "early work" on work teams comes out of the social
psychology tradition, efforts that focused primarily on various aspects of
Intimacy Among Group Members - (Argyle & Dean, 1965) - Developed theory
of affiliative conflict, which attempts to relate eye contact to the need
for affiliation. A basic
proposition of this theory is that eye contact is influenced by both
approach and avoidance forces. Approach
forces include things such as need for feedback and need for affiliation,
whereas avoidance forces include such things as fear of being seen, fear of
revealing inner feelings, and fear of being rejected.
Group Composition - (Zander, 1976) - Developed a theory concerned with the
process of enrolling and disenrolling group members.
The processes of removing and recruiting group members are considered
to be performed by the group for the good of the group.
Zander listed a set of propositions, such as "The
unattractiveness of a group member is a function of the negative value of
the member's recent actions and the perceived probability that those actions
will be repeated in the future.