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Practice Perspectives

Rob Silzer
HR Assessment and Development Inc.
Baruch College, City University of New York

Chad Parson
Baruch College, City University of New York

Changes Over Time in Members’ Graduate Institution

In several recent articles we have discussed how graduate education and employment opportunities have changed for SIOP members who graduated in different time periods (Silzer & Parson, 2012a; 2012b). In particular we reported on how both I-O psychology graduate programs ranked by number of graduates (SIOP full members only) and the representation of different graduate majors have changed over the last fifty years. Clearly the SIOP membership has become more diverse in terms of graduate education and employment focus in recent decades. With new waves of members who have more diverse graduate majors, SIOP has no doubt benefited from more diverse perspectives.

Changes in Graduate Institutions of SIOP Members Over Time

In further exploring the graduate background of our members we were interested in identifying the academic institutions (rather than specific graduate programs) that were producing SIOP members. We analyzed 2011 SIOP membership data and identified the graduate institutions where full members (including Fellows) received their degrees. We grouped members based on the decade that they received their graduate degree (pre-1970, 1970–1979, 1980–1989, 1990–1999, and 2000–2009).1 The results are presented in Tables 1, 2 and 3.


1These data do not include SIOP members who did not self-report the date of the graduate degree, who did not report their graduate institution or who graducated in 2010, 2011 and 2012.


The top-10 graduate institutions ranked by the number of members who graduated in the pre-1970 and 1970–1979 periods are listed in Table 1. For the pre-1970 period only nine institutions are listed (having three or more graduates) because there are a large number of institutions tied for the tenth rank (with two graduates). Generally the institutions listed for pre-1970 period are well known for early I-O psychology graduate programs (Note: Our analysis for this article includes all full members and Fellows, regardless of their graduate major).

Table 1
Academic Institutions Ranked by Number of Graduates in Pre-1970 and 1970-1979 Who Are SIOP Members

Pre-1970 1970-1979
 
Rank Graduate institutions* # of grads** Rank Graduate institutions* #of grads**
1 Univ. of Minnesota 7 1 Ohio State Univ. 21
1 Ohio State Univ. 7 2 Univ. of Minnesota 19
3 Purdue Univ. 6 3 Michigan State Univ. 18
4 Case Western Reserve Univ. 5 3 Purdue Univ. 18
5 Univ. of Illinois-Urbana Champaign 4 5 Univ. of Maryland 14
5 Columbia Univ. 4 6 Univ. of Illinois-Urbana Champaign 13
5 Cornell Univ. 4 7 Univ. of Michigan 12
8 Univ. of Maryland 3 8 New York Univ. 11
8 Univ. of California-Berkeley 3 8 Univ. of Houston 11
      10 Univ. of Tennessee-Knoxville 10


*Academic institutions ranked by number of graduates (all graduate program and all graduate majors) during the decade who are SIOP members
**Number of graduates during the decade who are SIOP full members

For the 1970 to 1979 period the number of members with degrees in this time period clearly increased from the previous period. Many of the same institutions from the previous period are included in the top-10 institutions here (Ohio State, Minnesota, Purdue, Maryland, Illinois) while additional institutions rose into the top 10 (NYU, Houston, Tennessee-Knoxville). The minimum number of members from the institution in order to be ranked in the top 10 went from 3 to 10 members. Clearly these institutions were increasing the number of graduates who were becoming SIOP members. Institutions that dropped out of the top 10 (from the previous time period) also increased the number of SIOP members from their institutions but not enough to stay in the top-10 listing (e.g. Columbia went from 4 to 8 members and California-Berkeley went from 3 to 5 members).

The top-15 graduate institutions ranked by the number of members who graduated from each institution in the 1980–1989 and 1990–1999 periods are listed in Table 2. These decades show continued increases in of SIOP members from specific institutions. For the 1980–1989 period, almost all the listed institutions show an increase from the previous time period. Some institutions had large increases, such as Bowling Green, Akron, and Tennessee-Knoxville.

Table 2
Academic Institutions Ranked by Number of Graduates in 1980-1989 and 1990-1999 Who Are SIOP Members

1980-1989 1990-1999
 
Rank Graduate institutions* # of grads** Rank Graduate institutions* #of grads**
1 Bowling Green State Univ. 28 1 Univ. of Akron 39
2 Univ. of Akron 24 2 Univ. of South Florida 33
3 Univ. of Tennessee-Knoxville 22 3 Univ. of Minnesota 32
4 Univ. of Illinois-Urbana Champaign 19 4 Univ. of Georgia 25
4 Ohio State Univ. 19 4 Pennsylvania State Univ. 25
4 Univ. of Minnesota 19 6 Univ. of Illinois-Urbana Champaign 24
7 Univ. of Houston 18 6 Michigan State Univ. 24
8 Univ. of Georgia 15 8 Bowling Green State Univ. 21
8 Purdue Univ. 15 9 Georgia Inst. of Technology 20
10 Illinois Inst. of Technology 14 9 Univ. of Houston 20
10 Univ. of South Florida 14 11 Ohio State Univ. 18
10 Michigan State Univ. 14 13 Univ. of Tennessee-Knoxville 17
10 Wayne State Univ. 14 13 Univ. of Maryland 17
14 New York Univ. 13 15 Tulane Univ. 15
15 Pennsylvania State Univ. 12 15 Wayne State Univ. 15


*Academic institutions ranked by number of graduates (all graduate program and all graduate majors) during the decade who are SIOP members
**Number of graduates during the decade who are SIOP full members

Table 3
Academic Institutions Ranked by Number of Graduates in 2000-2009 Who Are SIOP Members

2000-2009
Rank Graduate institutions* # of grads**
1 Univ. of Akron 45
2 Univ. of South Florida 41
3 Univ. of Minnesota 32
4 Bowling Green State Univ. 31
4 Univ. of Georgia 31
6 Michigan State Univ. 30
7 Wayne State Univ. 29
8 George Mason Univ. 28
8 Univ. of Tennessee-Knoxville 28
10 Univ. of Houston 27
10 Alliant/CSPP 27
12 Univ. of Illinois-Urbana Champaign 25
12 Colorado State Univ. 25
14 Capella Univ. 24
14 Univ. of Maryland 24
16 Central Michigan Univ. 22
17 Univ. of Central Florida 21
17 North Carolina State Univ. 21
19 Texas A & M Univ. 20
20 Univ. of Oklahoma<br /> 19

*Academic institutions ranked by number of graduates (all graduate program and all graduate majors) during the decade who are SIOP members<br />
**Number of graduates during the decade who are SIOP full members

For the 1990–1999 time period most of the listed institutions again increased the number of SIOP members they were producing. The top-ranked institutions (Akron, South Florida, Minnesota) each produced more that 30 SIOP members in the decade. Additional schools joined the top ranks, such as Pennsylvania State, Michigan State, Georgia Institute of Technology, Tulane, and Texas A&M.

The top-20 graduate institutions ranked by the number of members who graduated in the 2000–2009 period who are SIOP members are listed in Table 3. Most of these institutions increased the number of graduates who are SIOP members from the previous decade. The top three institutions remained the same (Akron, South Florida, Minnesota). A number of institutions noticeably increased the number of graduates who became SIOP members from the previous decade including Wayne State, George Mason, Tennessee-Knoxville, Alliant/CSPP, Colorado State, Capella, Central Florida, North Carolina State, and Oklahoma.
 
Changes Across All Decades

Both the number of graduates who join SIOP and the number of institutions represented in the membership have greatly increased across the decades (see Table 4).

Table 4
Number of Graduating SIOP Members and Number of Institutions Graduating SIOP Members Across Last Fifty Years

Time Period # of SIOP members* # of institutions**
Pre-1970 89 54
1970-1979 362 115
1980-1989 573 141
1990-1999 842 163
2000-2009 1189 188


*Number of SIOP members graduating in this time period
**Number of institutions graduating SIOP members in this time period

Perhaps it is obvious to most SIOP members attending recent SIOP conferences that there are many new unfamiliar members (in addition to the many graduate students attending the conferences.) But what may be more surprising is the expanding number of graduate institutions that are represented among the membership (the institutions where they received their graduate degree). Part of this may be due to the increase in SIOP of members with graduate degrees outside of I-O psychology or organizational psychology. But part of the increase is due to the larger number of graduate institutions offering I-O psychology and organizational psychology degrees.

There have been some changes in the graduate institutions represented across the decades. Only two institutions are ranked high in all 5 decades: University of Minnesota and University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign). The University of Maryland is in four of the top rankings (it just missed the top- 15 rankings in 1980–1989). All of the other institutions listed in the top pre-1970 rankings are no longer among the top ranked institutions (2000–2009).

Conclusions

These data suggest a few clear conclusions:

  • There has been a steady increase across the decades in the number of graduates joining SIOP.
  • The number of graduates joining SIOP from the major graduate institutions has been regularly increasing across the decades.
  • The number of academic institutions providing graduates who join SIOP has also been increasing across the decades.

These membership trends may be due to a range of factors. Clearly the field of I-O psychology has been successful in attracting graduate students into I-O and OP graduate programs. The field has also enjoyed an expanding number and range of employment opportunities. SIOP itself has continued to grow and has an increasingly diverse membership and diverse perspective among members (based on graduate education).

As a result our field is changing and expanding. This provides SIOP with strategic opportunities to:

  • Proactively reach out to US and international academic institutions in our field and related fields
  • Encourage graduate programs in our field to adequately prepare students for our diverse employment opportunities
  • Ensure SIOP understands and fully meets the needs of our expanding and diverse membership.

The field of I-O psychology has been successful against various metrics in attracting graduate students, increasing professional membership and expanding employment opportunities. In some ways we are in a Golden Age of I-O psychology. This success provides us with several strategic opportunities to capitalize on and expand our talent, our impact, and our success. Our continued success may depend on our ability to understand and leverage these opportunities.

References

Silzer, R.F. & Parson, C. (2012, July). SIOP members, graduate education and employment focus. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 50(1), 119–129.
Silzer, R.F. & Parson, C. (2012, October). Changes over time in members’ graduate education, employment focus and recognition by SIOP. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 50(2), 65–75.