Professional Practice Book Series: Translating Science into Practice
Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division
As the new millennium approaches and organizations adapt to on-going
demands and changes, we must reflect on how, as scientist-practitioners in I-O Psychology,
we contribute to organizational practices. There are, of course, many ways we contribute.
Potentially, our theories, ideas, research findings and tools form the basis by which we
influence practice. Unfortunately, we have not fully realized this potential because the
mechanisms we use to translate our knowledge into useful guidelines are lacking. That is,
translating what we hypothesize and empirically validate into useful, practical
information that can be applied in organizations is insufficient (Salas, Cannon-Bowers,
& Blickensderfer, 1997). Over the years, many of us have lamented about all the
wonderful research we conduct and how our significant findings are seldom used and
applied. While progress has been made, much needs to be done. We will seek to provide an
outlet where we can translate our knowledge gained into information for
practitioners (via principles, guidelines, lessons learned, etc.). Therefore, I intend to
tighten the focus of the Professional Practice Series to serve as a forum where this
translation begins. And to accomplish this we have a vision.
Our vision is to provide industrial and organizational psychologists,
organizational scientists and practitioners, human resources professionals, managers,
executives and those interested in organizational behavior and performance with volumes
that are insightful, current, informative and relevant to organizational practice. The
series will be guided by five tenets designed to enhance future organizational practice.
First, we will focus on practice that is grounded in science. Second, the volumes will be
oriented toward translating organizational science into practice. That is, we will
seek to provide volumes that translate our best science into practical information. We
hope that these translations, in the form of guidelines, principles and lessons learned
can shape and guide practice. Third, the volumes will be designed to demonstrate the
application of industrial and organizational psychology to solving organizational
problems. Fourth, we will seek to document and disseminate our best practices. Finally, we
hope our volumes will stimulate research needed to guide future organizational practice.
Our vision is ambitious, but we are confident that the Professional Practice Series, with
your help, will get there. We will do our part. But we need your help and support.
What We Need From You
We seek your input. Please provide us with your ideas, concerns and/or
suggestions. For example, what topics do you think we should cover in future volumes? What
could we do to ensure that these volumes represent (and help) the state-of-the-art in
practice? Your constructive feedback is also welcome. What can we do to improve the
series? What mechanisms can we use to "translate our science"? What innovative
formats could be employed to document what we know? How can we document our "best
practices?" To help shape the Professional Practice Series into our vision, we have a
group of SIOP scientist-practitioners interested in applying science.
Who We Are
The Editorial Board is comprised of the following members (feel free to
contact them with your ideas, comments or suggestions):
Eduardo Salas, Ph.D., Series Editor, Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems
Timothy T. Baldwin, Ph.D., Indiana University
Wayne F. Cascio, Ph.D., University of Colorado, Denver
Kenneth P. De Meuse, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin
Jerry W. Hedge, Ph.D., Personnel Decisions Research Institute
A. Catherine Higgs, Ph.D., Allstate Research & Planning Center
Kenneth Pearlman, Ph.D., Lucent Technologies
James W. Smither, Ph.D., LaSalle University
Scott I. Tannenbaum, Ph.D., Executive Consulting Group and The University at
Available Volumes in the Professional Practice Series
The following volumes comprise the Professional Practice Series and can
be purchased from the SIOP Administrative Office or via the SIOP website at www.siop.org/Bookorder.htm.
R. Jeanneret, R. Silzer and Associates, Individual Psychological Assessment:
Predicting Behavior in Organizational Settings. Jossey-Bass Publishers.
J. Smither and Associates, Performance Appraisal: State of the Art in
Practice. Jossey-Bass Publishers.
A. Kraut and Associates, Organizational Surveys: Tools for Assessment and
Change. Jossey-Bass Publishers.
M. London and Associates, Employees, Careers, and Job Creation: Developing
Growth-Oriented Human Resource Strategies and Programs. Jossey-Bass Publishers.
A. Howard and Associates, Diagnosis for Organizational Change: Methods and
Models. The Guilford Press.
A. Korman and Associates, Human Dilemmas in Work Organizations: Strategies
for Resolution. The Guilford Press.
S. Jackson and Associates, Diversity in the Workplace: Human Resources
Initiatives. The Guilford Press.
D. Bray and Associates, Working with Organizations and Their People: A Guide
to Human Resources. The Guilford Press.
Send your ideas or proposals to:
Eduardo Salas, Ph.D.
Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division
12350 Research Parkway
Orlando, FL 32826-3275
Salas, E., Cannon-Bowers, J. A., & Blickensderfer, E. L. (1997). Enhancing
reciprocity between training theory and practice: Principles, guidelines, and
specifications. In J. K. Ford & Associates (Eds.), Improving Training Effectiveness
in Work Organizations (pp. 291-322). Hillsdale, NJ: LEA.
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