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LGB Issues in the Workplace 101 We within the LGBT SIOP committee want to make a differ- ence within the field of industrial-organizational psychology and within SIOP by increasing exposure to the experiences of sexual orientation and gender identity minorities within the realms of research and practice. We believe that one method by which this can occur is through making regular, novel con- tributions to the literature, by filling preexisting gaps may leave LGBT individuals overlooked. However, we realize that it is also important to educate researchers and practitioners who might not be familiar with the basic issues that LGBT people face. Steve Discont Illinois Institute of Technology Craig Russell University of Oklahoma Daniel Gandara DePaul University Katina Sawyer Villanova University Educating I-O psychologists on the issues facing lesbian, gay, bi- sexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) people is of the utmost importance to achieving equality and diversity in the workplace. The need for improved knowledge and understanding of the challenges that LGBT individuals face at work becomes ever more apparent as LGBT rights (or lack thereof) continue to play an ever-pivotal role within current U.S. politics. For instance, it was only with last year’s 5-to-4 ruling U.S. Supreme Court ruling that same-sex couples could get married with federal recogni- tion (Obergefell v. Hodges, 2015), thus addressing a multiple de- cades-long fight for equitable benefits within the workplace (see Bell, Özbilgin, Beauregard, & Sürgevil, 2011; Raeburn, 2004). In this first part of a two-part series, we will provide TIP readers with the knowledge necessary to have a general understand- ing of the issues facing lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people within the workplace. As transgender and genderqueer/nonbi- nary persons face unique issues and dilemmas from those faced by sexual orientation minorities (e.g., Clarke, Ellis, Peel, & Riggs, 2010), our next article will provide insight into their experiences. In this article, we first provide an understanding of what sexu- al orientation is and what it means to be a sexual orientation minority. We then explain common challenges LGB individuals face within the workplace, including an in-depth look into wage discrimination that LGB people uniquely face. Finally, we address the legal battles LGB people still grapple with within the United States and propose how we as industrial-organizational psychol- ogists and members of SIOP can help. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist 39