A Footnote to the 2000 Salary Survey
University of South Florida
In reading the report of the 2000 Salary Survey (Katkowski &
Medsker, 2001), I was surprised, but pleased, to find that while significant gender differences were found in the raw data, those differences disappeared when other data were taken into account in a correlation and regression analysis. However, the flavor of the discussion of gender differences in two paragraphs on page 25 of the July 2001 issue of TIP seems to largely ignore this finding, with such statements as Thus, the overall wage gap does not appear to have decreased (referring to earlier salary surveys), and even at the same degree level, males had higher mean and median incomes than females.
The report does acknowledge in the following paragraph, Some of the discrepancy in primary income may be explained by gender differences in other areas. I interpreted the regression analysis as indicating that all of the gender differences disappeared. The statement is made in that discussion on page 35, Although gender had been significantly correlated with 2000 income, it was not significantly related in the regression results.
The percentage of women entering the profession has increased dramatically in recent years. (Thirty-five years ago, only about 3% of the APA Division 14 membership was female.) Gender statistics for graduate students show that this trend will accelerate, at least in the near future. New SIOP members are predominately relatively new PhDs, so we would expect that the average female member of SIOP would have been working in the profession for fewer years than the average male member. As is logical and expected, Years since doctoral degree was a strong correlate with income.
I think that we should take pride in the fact that gender differences in pay do not exist in our profession when factors logically expected to affect income, such as level of degree and length of service, are taken into account.
Katkowski, D. A, & Medsker, G. A (2001). SIOP income and employment: Income and employment of SIOP members in 2000. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 39(3), 2136.
January 2002 Table
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