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Enhancing Cognitive Ability and Revolutionizing I-O Psychology: A TIP Interview With Dr. Vivienne Ming, Part 2 In this special issue we present the second part of our interview with Dr. Vivienne Ming, an accomplished scientist and entrepreneur with ties to several orga- nizations including the Redwood Center for Theoretical Neuroscience, Socos, Gild, ShiftGig, Bay Area Rainbow Day Camp, and StartOut. In the first part of our conver- sation, we discussed her work that lever- ages the power of algorithms, technology, and psychology. From these domains, Vivienne Ming and her colleagues have been able to measure how students think about course topics and precisely predict student grades. She has used a similar approach to predict job performance for someone without previous experience. Excitingly, she has developed a product that provides individualized intervention recommendations to parents for their children, which arrives via SMS messaging. This product can easily be extended to the work context to help managers get the most out of their employees. M. K. Ward North Carolina State University We present the second part of our conversation in this issue, where we shift focus toward theoretical neuroscience. In this issue, we discuss the topic of cognitive neuroprosthetics and tiptoe up to the beginning of the massive task of considering its implications for society and the workplace. We invite you to consider this conversation, imagine the possibilities, and begin your discussions about future policy needs. In our conversation, you mentioned a distinction between a machine that’s designed to hear versus one that learns to hear. Is that where theoretical neuroscience comes into play? Bill Becker Texas Christian University Absolutely! You can think of theoretical neuroscience as a strong analog to theoretical physics. If we pretend we knew nothing about the brain, we would start from first principles. When I built a machine that learned how to hear, I started The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist 39