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The World Sets New Goals: How Should I-O Psychology Respond? SIOP UN Team: Alexander Gloss, North Carolina State University John C. Scott, APTMetrics Deborah E. Rupp, Purdue University Lori L. Foster, North Carolina State University Mathian Osicki, IBM Lise Saari, New York University Drew Mallory, Purdue University English Sall, North Carolina State University Global Organization for Humanitarian Work Psychology (GOHWP) Vice Chair and Past Chair: Doug Maynard, State University of New York at New Paltz Ishbel McWha-Hermann, University of Edinburgh Business School International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP) representatives to the UN: Mary O’Neill Berry, Sirota Walter Reichman, Org Vitality In September 2015, the United Nations adopted a new set of goals. The “Sustain- able Development Goals” (SDGs) replaced the “Millennium Development Goals” (MDGs), which until 2015 were the world’s most prominent attempt to date to fight poverty and reduce human suffering. Even though the exact makeup of the SDGs was not resolved when this issue of TIP went to press, up-to-date details on the SDGs and how they relate to the field of indus- trial-organizational (I-O) psychology can be found by going to www.siop.org/Prosocial/ UN.aspx. What was clear well in advance of the launch of the SDGs was that despite notable progress, the world had neglect- ed to fully meet its previous set of goals. Although the United Nations (2015a) 130 reported that “unprecedented efforts have resulted in profound achievements” (p. 4), many of the world’s foremost goals and subsidiary targets set at the turn of the millennium have not been reached. For example, whereas Target A of MDG 1 was reached—namely to “halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day,” — Target A of MDG 3, namely to “eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education,” remains elusive with continu- ing disparities in primary, secondary, and tertiary education (United Nations, 2015a, p. 14, 28). As the United Nations (2015a) summarized, “despite many successes, the poorest and most vulnerable people are being left behind” (p. 8). Table 1 provides October 2015, Volume 53, Number 2