Using Conditional Reasoning in Organizational Research
Lawrence R. James and Michael D. McIntyre
University of Tennessee
Jose M. Cortina
George Mason University
During the last 15 years I-O psychologists have witnessed a rekindled interest in the use of personality variables in organizational research. Traditional measurement approaches rely on direct or introspective self-reports of personality variables or observational assessments collected via assessment centers or interviews. This tutorial will present an alternative approach to personality called Conditional Reasoning. This approach indirectly measures unconscious cognitive biases that individuals with different latent motives rely on to justify or rationalize their behavior. Conditional Reasoning tests assess these cognitive biases by engaging respondents in inductive problem-solving exercises. Simply stated, respondents with different motives pick different solutions to the Conditional Reasoning problems. This tutorial will introduce the theory underlying Conditional Reasoning and discuss the process of item development and validation.
Lawrence R. James received his PhD in I-O psychology from the University of Utah. He holds the Pilot Oil Chair of Excellence in Management and Industrial-Organizational Psychology at the University of Tennessee and is president of Innovative Assessment Technology. His research has contributed to areas such as personality theory and measurement, organizational climate, leadership, personnel selection, and research methods. Larry currently serves on the editorial boards of
Journal of Applied Psychology, Organizational Research Methods, Academy of Management Review, Human Performance, and
Journal of Organizational Behavior. He has spent the last 10 years developing and refining the conditional reasoning methodology for personality assessment. He has held a number of positions in Divisions 5 and 14 of APA and holds the status of Fellow in both divisions.
Michael D. McIntyre received his PhD in I-O psychology from the University of Tennessee (Knoxville). He works as a research assistant professor in the I-O psychology program at the University of Tennessee. Michael is also one of the founding partners of Innovative Assessment Technology, a company specializing in the development and validation of innovative approaches to personality measurement. He has spent the last 10 years developing and refining conditional reasoning tests of personality.
Jose M. Cortina received his PhD in I-O psychology from Michigan State University. He works as an associate professor in the I-O psychology program at George Mason University. Jose currently serves on the editorial boards of four journals and is an associate editor of the
Journal of Applied Psychology. He was honored by SIOP with the 2001 Ernest J. McCormick Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions. Over the last 3 years he has worked on the development and validation of conditional reasoning tests designed to measure human adaptability.
Coordinator: James M. LeBreton, Wayne State University